When WANDA JACKSON was a girl with a gravelly voice who opened for ELVIS PRESLEY in the 1950s, nobody had ever heard a woman sing like that before.

By then, ELVIS was already gyrating his way to superstardom. But WANDA JACKSON — called the queen of rockabilly for her gritty, feisty performances — couldn’t even get her songs played on the radio.

“It’s like they just got their heads together and said, ‘We will not help this girl do it,”’ she recalled.

“They just wouldn’t play my records if it was the rock stuff. So it didn’t take long before I was putting a country song on one side of a record and a rock song on the other.”

WANDA JACKSON’S old acoustic guitar will be featured at a new exhibit dedicated to female artists that opens today at THE ROCK & ROLL HALL OF FAME in downtown Cleveland.

WOMEN WHO ROCK: VISION, PASSION, POWER chronicles the pioneering role of women in rock & roll, from BESSIE SMITH to BIKINI KILL to LADY GAGA.

The hall of fame had toyed with the idea of opening such an exhibit for years, and it gained traction after CYNDI LAUPER paid a visit last year and watched a film about the roots of rock, said JIM HENKE, vice president of exhibitions and curatorial affairs.

“She thought it was too male dominated and she wondered where the female artists were.”

Museum officials say just about 9 per cent of its inductees are women — a reflection of the rock industry, which was a macho culture at its core, commented GLENN ALTSCHULER, a Cornell University professor who wrote the book ALL SHOOK UP: HOW ROCK & ROLL CHANGED AMERICA.

“Women were the subjects of songs. They were the objects of affection. But they appeared in the audience and not on the stage.”

There weren’t many role models for women who wanted to make it big in the early years, said SHIRLEY ALSTON REEVES, a member of the hit 1960s girl group THE SHIRELLES.

“You know, somebody has to break the ice. We wanted to do it because we enjoyed the male groups and the harmonies and we thought it would be a good idea.”

DARLENE LOVE, who is considered to be one of the greatest background singers of all time, said many women sang backup vocals because the prevailing belief was that they ought to stay in the background. At the peak of her career, she sang on records for the likes of THE BEACH BOYS and FRANK SINATRA.

“Women are the backbone of rock. If you listen to every record that has probably been recorded in the last 60, 70 years, there are women in the background – not men.”

Gender discrimination was still alive and well in the 1970s, when some radio stations would not allow DJs to play two singles by female artists in a row. And for women such as ANN and NANCY WILSON, who were just beginning to form a little rock band called HEART, there were industry assumptions about who they were supposed to be as artists.

“You can’t be aggressive, you know — you have to be a little shy, retiring female,” stated ANN WILSON, who many critics say is one of the best rock singers in music.

Well, you know, that doesn’t fly with us.”

Since rock was “invented by guys to get girls,” as ANN put it, female artists struggled to mould the industry in their own image.

Just because we’re female, we don’t necessarily think we have to come out dressed as porn stars. There’s more than one way that it can be. You have choices.”

The museum exhibit itself is an exercise in contrasts.

There’s the gold bustier MADONNA wore during her BLOND AMBITION tour and handwritten lyrics from JONI MITCHELL’S first album. There’s BONNIE RAITT’S dobro guitar. There’s the nude rhinestone outfit that BRITNEY SPEARS famously revealed at MTV’S VIDEO MUSIC AWARDS in 2000 and STEVIE NICKS’ handwritten lyrics to STAND BACK.

Visitors can watch a short story about how women in rock have shaped music and the museum will host educational programming throughout the year highlighting the history of female recording artists. Later today, WANDA JACKSON and CYNDI LAUPER will headline the museum’s annual benefit concert.

It is a triumphant moment for WANDA JACKSON, who is enjoying the most success she can remember as she tours the country performing with JACK WHITE — formerly of THE WHITE STRIPES — promoting the new album they recorded together.

“The new fans of our little simple 50s rock music, they have gone back and found all these songs and sing along with me. And I thought, ‘Man, this is what I wanted in the 50s and 60s but never had that opportunity.‘ So I’m certainly enjoying it big time now.”

Some artists, though, are not so sure that times have changed as much as they’d like. The industry still pressures female artists to play up their sexuality because that’s what sells, said LIZ PHAIR, who is most lauded for her 1993 album EXILE IN GUYVILLE. The pressure was so intense, she felt she had been stuffed into a “little typical box” and tried to turn the exploitation on its head.

But she has since learned to coexist with the status quo.

“There was a moment when the cool girls were kicking ass and taking names. And right now it’s the hot girl.”

“I’m happy, personally, as long as our numbers are up.”


  1. glimmer Says:

    i didn’t think i’d ever see a ref to bikini kill on your site. the times they are a changing… 😉

    Gender discrimination was still alive and well in the 1970s, when some radio stations would not allow DJs to play two singles by female artists in a row.

    i didn’t know that was an official policy. wow. that sucked. there weren’t that many females on the big rock stations play list that you think this would be problematic enough to have a policy against.

    this is insane…

    Since rock was “invented by guys to get girls,” as ANN put it.

    as i keep reworking maybe that’s reason most rock doesn’t work for me. i’m not getting girls. maybe that’s factoring in…

    rock music that gets girls is soooo damn boring and aesthetically non interesting to me.


    i told you a few times that most females in bands i like didn’t seem to play up their sexuality. they didn’t seem to ridicule it either. these aren’t traits that seem to admired or deemed worthwhile by guys that get girls.

    (hell or rock fans/female rock fans in general???)

    traits not adimired by the ultra sex mavens/sex positive people in general.

    what’s a kid to do???


    let’s call this post glimmer top 40. since i just gave a condensed blast of the stuff i often rant about.


    the sexless really don’t deserve music. ask rock fans/or listen to what’s out there in general. drug users get plenty of music.

    the sexless none. rock against sex… 😉

  2. the sexless none. rock against sex…

    Well…not quite in my estimation, glimster. Right now I’m waiting patiently for my adorable little bear to arrive in my fair city. So my romantic life is presently quiet and filled with serenity.

    But music is still a big part of my life, along with my mischievous and unbridled imagination. And then there’s expectation. Serious anticipation. Excitation.


    Don’t worry, baby. Life turns on a dime and it can transform very very quickly.

    Gender discrimination was still alive and well in the 1970s, when some radio stations would not allow DJs to play two singles by female artists in a row.

    I understand – from what I’ve heard – that that policy actually existed.

    this is insane…

    Ha ha. I know. But this is the world we live in.

    File that under: the more things change, the more they stay the same.

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